Experts at WHO says home care is only intended for patients who experience mild symptoms. The recommendations published by the WHO are entitled: Home care for patients with the suspected novel coronavirus (COVID-19) infection presenting with mild symptoms, and management of their contacts. You can also get articles like andipece.wordpress.com.
Also, this guide refers to parents, spouses, or other family members who do not have formal health training in treating patients who are suspected of being infected with COVID-19.
Are you curious about the recommendations and guidelines? Check out the full review below.
- Place the patient/person in a separate room that is well ventilated (with open windows or doors).
- Limit movement and minimize the sharing of the same room. Ensure shared spaces (such as kitchens and bathrooms) are well ventilated.
- Other family members should sleep in different rooms, and if this is not possible, then keep a minimum distance of 1 meter from the patient (sleeping in different beds).
- Limit the number of people caring for the patient. Ideally, one person who is completely healthy without other health problems or immune disorders. Visitors/visitors are not allowed until the patient is completely healthy and asymptomatic.
- Perform hand hygiene (wash hands) immediately every time there is contact with the patient or patient’s environment. Wash your hands before and after preparing food, before eating, after going to the bathroom, and whenever your hands look dirty. If your hands don’t look dirty you can use a hand sanitizer, while for hands that look dirty you can use soap and water.
- If washing your hands using soap and water, a disposable paper towel is recommended. If not available, you can use a clean towel and replace it immediately if it is wet.
- To prevent transmission through droplets, a surgical mask (flat mask) is given to the patient to be worn as often as possible.
- The person providing the care should wear a surgical mask especially if he is in the same room with the patient. The mask should not be held during use. If the mask is dirty or wet, replace it with a new one immediately. Discard the mask in the right way (don’t touch the front, but start from the back). Discard immediately and wash hands immediately.
- Avoid direct contact with body fluids, especially oral or respiratory fluids (phlegm, mucus, etc.) and feces. Use gloves and a mask if you have to provide oral or airway care and when handling feces, urine, and other waste. Wash hands before and after disposing of gloves and masks.
- Do not use a mask or gloves that have been used.
- Provide sheets and special cutlery for patients (wash with soap and water after use and can be reused).
- Clean the surfaces around the patient including toilets and showers regularly. Household soap or detergent can be used, then 0.5% NaOCl solution (equivalent to 1 part bleach solution and 9 parts water).
- Clean the patient’s clothes, bed linen, towels, etc. using household laundry soap and water or washing machine with a water temperature of 60–90 degrees Celsius with detergent and dry. Place in a special bag and do not shake, then avoid direct skin and clothing contact with contaminated materials.
- Gloves and plastic aprons should be used when cleaning patient surfaces, clothing, or other materials that come into contact with the patient’s body fluids. Gloves (which are not disposable) can be reused after washing with soap and water and decontaminated with 0.5% NaOCl solution. Wash hands before and after using gloves.
- Gloves, masks, and other waste materials during treatment should be disposed of in the trash can in the patient’s room which is then tightly closed before being disposed of as infectious feces.
- Avoid contact with other contaminated items, such as toothbrushes, cutlery, towels, clothes, and bed linen)
- When health workers provide home health services, always pay attention to PPE and follow recommendations for preventing disease transmission through droplets.